Re-envisioning the School Day: Integrating Mathematics, Science, and Reading through Students’ Engagement with Practices


In this article, we propose an alternative to traditional content integration that has resulted in our preservice elementary teacher candidates designing lessons centered on developing focused practices throughout a re-envisioned school day.  We first present connections among the practices outlined in mathematics, science, and reading standards; the complementary nature of the practices creates a conceptual thread that weaves through and helps unite content across disciplines.  Then, we outline the project that our teacher candidates complete and describe resulting examples of their work.  We conclude by presenting suggestions for educators and other leaders who are interested in utilizing this lesson planning approach in their own settings.  If the targeted set of related practices are selected and leveraged thoughtfully, they lend much-needed coherence to the work that students do in a given school day.


standards-based practices; elementary school; lesson planning

Full Text:



Brand, B. R., & Triplett, C. F. (2012). Interdisciplinary curriculum: an abandoned concept? Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 18(3), 381-393.

Cunningham, P.M. & Cunningham, J.W. (2015). Teaching Common Core English Language Arts Standards: 20 Lesson Frameworks for Elementary Grades. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree.

Fogarty, R. J., & Pete, B. M. (2009). How to Integrate the Curricula. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Lead States. (2013). Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000). Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.

National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers (2010). Common Core State Standards. Washington, DC: Author.

Stage, E. K., Asturias, H., Cheuk, T., Daro, P. A., & Hampton, S. B. (2013). Opportunities and challenges in next generation standards. Science, 340(6130), 276-277. DOI:10.1126/science.1234011